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Test on China

Chapter 15 Test

 

Directions:  Completely fill in the scantron box that corresponds with the best answer.  Do not write on the test.

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Most of the Chinese people live in which 1/3 of the country?
    1. North
    2. South
    3. East
    4. West

 

  1. Why do people live in a small portion of China?
    1. Boarder areas are dangerous
    2. Most of the land is not arable
    3. Traditional dynasties lived in these areas
    4. Better climate

 

  1. In order to create more farmland, farmers have created these which hold the soil in place so farmers can plant their crops:
    1. River valleys
    2. Terraces
    3. Loess
    4. Farming regions

 

  1. People in this region of China are fighting in order to gain their independence:
    1. Tibet
    2. Mongolia
    3. Xinjiang
    4. Manchuria

 

  1. The first dynasty in China was called:
    1. Zhou
    2. Shang
    3. Han
    4. Quin

 

  1. The Shang used these in order to ask their ancestors a question:
    1. Pictographs
    2. Mandate of Heaven
    3. Prayer
    4. Oracle bones

 

  1. The Mandate of Heaven claimed that:
    1. God had complete control over the Chinese people
    2. The Chinese people owed complete obedience to their gods
    3. The ruler of the dynasty was equally as powerful as a god
    4. Heaven granted a ruler the right to rule

 

  1. In 221, this dynasty reunified China:
    1. Zhou
    2. Qin
    3. Han
    4. Song

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of the Qin?
    1. Single law codes
    2. The Great Wall
    3. Built a strong navy
    4. Terra Cotta Army

 

  1. Who led the Mongol conquest, conquering the area from the Pacific to the Danube?
    1. Ghenhiz Khan
    2. Shi Huangdi
    3. Marco Polo
    4. Kublai Khan

 

  1. Marco Polo wrote back to Europe describing the wealth and practices in China, specifically what?
    1. Impressive architecture
    2. Productive farming systems
    3. Imposing military
    4. Efficient transportation systems

 

  1.  The last dynasty in China was called what?
    1. Qing
    2. Ming
    3. Xia
    4. Song

 

  1. The Opium war drained China’s supply of what?
    1. Opium
    2. Silver
    3. Iron
    4. Military weapons

 

  1. The Treaty of Nanjing was the first of many what?
    1. Unfair treaties
    2. Superior treaties
    3. Modern treaties
    4. Unequal treaties

 

  1. The definition for extraterritoriality is:
    1. The right to free and open trade in any country
    2. The right to be tried in your own country instead of the country you committed the crime
    3. The right to gain land by any means necessary
    4. The right to gain land as a result of a treaty

 

  1. An Open Door Policy relates to:
    1. Land
    2. Trade
    3. Education
    4. War/Rebellion

 

  1. This was fought because some Chinese wanted to expel all foreigners from China:
    1. Opium War
    2. Sino-Japanese War
    3. Boxer Rebellion
    4. Tiananmen Square Massacre

 

  1.  In 1928, the Nationalists emerged, led by:
    1. Chiang Kai-Shek
    2. Deng Xiaoping
    3. Mao Zedong
    4. Zhu Yuanzhang

 

  1.  Mao Zedong relied on the support of which people in order to gain control in China?
    1. The Rich
    2. The Farmers
    3. The Peasants
    4. The Educated

 

  1. Which group of people were forced on the Long March?
    1. Communists
    2. Nationalists
    3. The People’s Libertarian Army
    4. Capitalists

 

  1. Government control of all aspects of civilian life by a dictator is called:
    1. Libertarian
    2. Nationalism
    3. Capitalism
    4. Totalitarian

 

  1. In 1989, protestors at Tiananmen Square were pressing for what?
    1. A nationalist government
    2. Democratic reforms
    3. Better education
    4. Mao to be removed from power

 

  1. The Great Leap Forward was an ambitious attempt to:
    1. Revive communism
    2. Modernize China
    3. Bring back nationalism
    4. Destroy capitalism

 

  1. Young students and factory workers who supported Mao and his attempt to destroy capitalism were called:
    1. The Libertarian Army
    2. The Boxers
    3. Revolutionaries
    4. Red Guards

 

  1. Which of the following was not part of Deng Xiapoings Four Modernizations?
    1. Modernizing agriculture
    2. Developing science and technology
    3. Upgrading China’s defense forces
    4. Expanding China’s international trade

 

  1. Which group of people would be less likely to follow the one child per family quota?
    1. Farmers
    2. Wealthy
    3. Factory workers
    4. People in cities

 

  1. In the early 1950’s, China's chief ally was?
    1. The United States
    2. Great Britain
    3. The Soviet Union
    4. Japan

 

  1. The United States, as well as many other western nations, refused to recognize the People’s Republic of China.  What policy did they use to try to weaken China?
    1. Inclusion
    2. Tariff
    3. Isolationism
    4. Exclusion

 

  1. Who was the first U.S. President to visit China while in office?
    1. Theodore Roosevelt
    2. Harry Truman
    3. Woodrow Wilson
    4. Richard Nixon

 

  1. In 1997, China regained Hong Kong from whom?
    1. Great Britain
    2. Japan
    3. Korea
    4. Spain

 

  1. During the Vietnam War, China provided which country with weapons and other supplies?
    1. North Vietnam
    2. The United States
    3. The Soviet Union
    4. South Vietnam

 

  1. Taiwan has what type of government?
    1. Communist
    2. Democratic
    3. Nationalist
    4. Monarchy

 

TRUE OR FALSE

 

  1. The two regions in the heartland are North and South China
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. Tibet’s political and spiritual leader, Gandhi, fled from Tibet in 1959
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. Shang tombs were similar to Egyptian tombs
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. Under the Tang and the Song dynasties, China enjoyed long periods of peace
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. Spheres of Influence allowed the Western Powers to have control in all aspects of China
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. Propaganda campaigns were used to turn Mao into a popular hero
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution urged young people to destroy communist influences in China
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. The 1950’s communist constitution allowed women equal rights as men
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. The United States never officially recognized the People’s Republic of China
    1. True
    2. False

 

  1. China gains raw materials from Japan
    1. True
    2. False

 

ESSAY: (Choose ONE Essay to answer) 18 pts

 

1.  In your opinion, which Chinese dynasty was the most productive? (Think about government, architecture, ideas, expansion, etc.) Why?

 

 

2.  Describe Mao Zedong’s journey to the top of politics.  (Describe various problems as well as successes.)  Did Zedong make a good leader? Why or why not?


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