The First Civilizations – Unit Test
Part One: Egyptian
Mythology Matching (2 points each – 10 points total)
____1. This god is king of the dead
____2. The god of chaos; he killed his brother
____3. The son of Osiris; Egyptians believed the Pharaoh
the living form of this god.
____4. This goddess is married to Osiris
____5. The god of mummification; he helped Isis
Part Two: Middle
East Mythology (2 points each – 10 points total)
____1. The king of Erech (Uruk); he is afraid of death
____2. A mortal man who lives forever; only man saved
from the flood
____3. Kills herself because of her love of Pyramus
____4. He was the first man created according to
____5. She was the first woman created and tempted by
the snake to eat fruit from the forbidden tree
Part Three: Inventions
and Technology of Egyptians, Sumerians, Hebrews, Babylonians and Phoenicians Matching (2 points each – 16 points total)
____1. Egyptian writing that uses pictures to represent sounds
____2. Sumerian writing made up of wedge shaped signs
____3. A large temple built by the Sumerians and Babylonians
____4. Created by the Mesopotamians in order to know when to d. Polytheism
plant and harvest crops
____5. Organized religion that believes in many gods
____6. Organized religion that believes in one god
____7. Signs that are used to tell a person's horoscope
____8. An irrigation tool with a bucket on the end of a
Part Four: Multiple
Choice – choose the BEST answer (2 points each – 44 points total)
____1. What river flows through Ancient Egypt?
____2. What direction does the Nile River flow?
b. West d.
____3. Which of the following is NOT a city located in the
____4. Where was the Great Pyramid built?
____5. What is the biggest threat to the pyramids and the mummies and artifacts inside?
c. Extreme heat
d. Tomb robbers
____6. How did Egyptians get the stones on top of the pyramid?
c. Pullies and levers
b. A very strong man
____7. The Mesopotamians built the ziggurats to:
a. Bury their rulers in
c. Honor their gods
b. Be architectural wonders
d. No purpose
____8. What material was used to build Mesopotamian ziggurats?
b. Mud bricks
____9. The story of Gilgamesh is similar to:
a. Noah’s Ark
c. The Hebrew Creation Story
b. Romeo and Juliet
d. Isis and Osiris
____10. This language
was called the “mother of all writing”:
____11. This is
defined as the study of stars and planets to predict future events:
____12. How many
months were in the Mesopotamian calendar year?
____13. How many
days are in the Mesopotamian calendar?
to the Social Pyramid, he was the most powerful person in Egypt
____15. In order
to have a reliable water supply, Sumerian farmers created:
c. Strong walls
b. Irrigation systems
walls built along the sides of rivers to prevent flooding were called:
d. Silt walls
living in the plains were vulnerable to attack because the plains in Sumer provided no:
a. Natural boundaries
____18. The walled
cities of Sumer were like independent
countries, which became referred to as:
and Hebrews settled in a piece of land known as:
____20. What two
things did Phoenicians do to make a living?
a. Robbing and looting
c. Farming and trading
b. Singing and dancing
d. Fishing and weaving
____21. The main
export of Phoenicia was:
____22. The Phoenicians built colonies in the Mediterranean as well as Africa.
The most famous Phoenician colony in Africa
Part 5: Lists
(1 point each – 20 points total)
- List the five civilizations that we studied during this unit:
- List the five planets that the people of Sumer
and Babylon had discovered:
- List the three major cities in the Middle East
- List the eight steps of the social pyramid with the most powerful first. (Getting them in order
will give you three extra credit points):