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First Civilizations Test

Name _______________________________                                    Period ________


The First Civilizations – Unit Test


Part One: Egyptian Mythology Matching (2 points each – 10 points total)


____1. This god is king of the dead                                                                a. Isis


____2. The god of chaos; he killed his brother                                               b. Osiris


____3.  The son of Osiris; Egyptians believed the Pharaoh                              c. Anubis

was the living form of this god.                                                                                 

____4.  This goddess is married to Osiris                                                           d. Set


____5.  The god of mummification; he helped Isis                                          e. Horus

            mummify Osiris


Part Two: Middle East Mythology (2 points each – 10 points total)


____1.  The king of Erech (Uruk); he is afraid of death                                     a.  Adam


____2.  A mortal man who lives forever; only man saved                              b.  Thisbe

            from the flood

____3.  Kills herself because of her love of Pyramus                                        c. Gilgamesh


____4.  He was the first man created according to                                        d. Eve

Hebrew stories                                                                                    

____5.  She was the first woman created and tempted by                            e.  Utanapishtim

            the snake to eat fruit from the forbidden tree


Part Three: Inventions and Technology of Egyptians, Sumerians, Hebrews, Babylonians and Phoenicians Matching (2 points each – 16 points total)


____1.  Egyptian writing that uses pictures to represent sounds                     a.  Monotheism


____2.  Sumerian writing made up of wedge shaped signs                           b.  Ziggurat


____3.  A large temple built by the Sumerians and Babylonians                     c.  Shadouf


____4.  Created by the Mesopotamians in order to know when to               d. Polytheism

            plant and harvest crops

                                                                                                                        e. Calendar

____5.  Organized religion that believes in many gods

                                                                                                                        f. Hieroglyphics

____6.  Organized religion that believes in one god

                                                                                                                        g. Zodiac

____7.  Signs that are used to tell a person's horoscope

                                                                                                                        h. Cuneiform

____8.  An irrigation tool with a bucket on the end of a

            weighted pole


Part Four: Multiple Choice – choose the BEST answer (2 points each – 44 points total)


____1.  What river flows through Ancient Egypt?

            a. Tigris                                                 c. Euphrates

            b. Indus                                                d. Nile


____2.  What direction does the Nile River flow?

            a. North                                               c.  South

            b. West                                                d. East


____3.  Which of the following is NOT a city located in the Fertile Crescent?

            a. Ur                                                     c.  Babylon

            b. Thebes                                             d.  Erech


____4.  Where was the Great Pyramid built?

            a. Thebes                                             c.  Babylon

            b. Giza                                                 d.  Kutztown


____5.  What is the biggest threat to the pyramids and the mummies and artifacts inside?

            a. Earthquakes                                    c.  Extreme heat

            b. Flooding                                          d.  Tomb robbers


____6.  How did Egyptians get the stones on top of the pyramid?

            a. Ramps                                             c.  Pullies and levers

            b. A very strong man                           d.  Aliens


____7.  The Mesopotamians built the ziggurats to:

            a. Bury their rulers in                             c.  Honor their gods

            b. Be architectural wonders                d.  No purpose


____8.  What material was used to build Mesopotamian ziggurats?

            a. Limestone                                        c.  Sandstone

            b. Mud bricks                                       d. Granite


____9.  The story of Gilgamesh is similar to:

            a. Noah’s Ark                                      c.  The Hebrew Creation Story

            b. Romeo and Juliet                           d.  Isis and Osiris


____10. This language was called the “mother of all writing”:

a.      Hieroglyphics                                 c. Phoenician

b.      Roman                                          d. Cuneiform


____11. This is defined as the study of stars and planets to predict future events:

            a. Zodiac                                             c.  Astrology

            b. Astronomy                                       d. ESP


____12. How many months were in the Mesopotamian calendar year?

            a. 12                                                    c. 10

            b. 8                                                      d. 15


____13. How many days are in the Mesopotamian calendar?

            a. 225                                                   c. 365

            b. 301                                                   d. 354


____14. According to the Social Pyramid, he was the most powerful person in Egypt

            a. Priest                                                c. Pharaoh

            b. Soldier                                             d. Farmer


____15. In order to have a reliable water supply, Sumerian farmers created:

            a. Shadoufs                                         c. Strong walls

            b. Irrigation systems                             d. Levees


____16. Earth walls built along the sides of rivers to prevent flooding were called:

            a. Canals                                             c. Levees

            b. Irrigation                                          d. Silt walls


____17. People living in the plains were vulnerable to attack because the plains in Sumer provided no:

            a. Natural boundaries                         c.  Water

            b. Food                                                d.  Weapons


____18. The walled cities of Sumer were like independent countries, which became referred to as:

            a. Towns                                              c. Countries

            b. Mesopotamia                                 d. City-States


____19. Phoenicians and Hebrews settled in a piece of land known as:

            a. Canaan                                          c. Babylon

            b. Egypt                                               d. Ur


____20. What two things did Phoenicians do to make a living?

            a. Robbing and looting                     c. Farming and trading

            b. Singing and dancing                      d. Fishing and weaving


____21. The main export of Phoenicia was:

            a. Paper                                              c. Food

            b. Timber                                             d. People


____22.  The Phoenicians built colonies in the Mediterranean as well as Africa. The most famous Phoenician colony in Africa is:

            a. Carthage                                        c. Egypt

            b. Memphis                                          d. Sicily


Part 5: Lists (1 point each – 20 points total)


  1. List the five civilizations that we studied during this unit:
    1.                                                 b.                                             c.


d.                                       e.


  1. List the five planets that the people of Sumer and Babylon had discovered:
    1.                                     b.                                             c.


d.                                       e.


  1. List the three major cities in the Middle East
    1.                                     b.                                             c.


  1. List the eight steps of the social pyramid with the most powerful first. (Getting them in order will give you three extra credit points):


    1.                                     b.                                             c.


d.                                       e.                                             f.


g.                                       h.                                             i.